Sunday, November 30, 2014

Wavescan NWS301

* Theme - 00:00
            “Birthday Serenade - Willi Glahe

* Opening Announcement - 00:16
            Welcome to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
            Program outline
                        1. General Douglas MacArthur Returns to the Philippines: The Radio Story
                        2. International Radio News
                        3. Long Wire Receiving Antenna
                        4. Special QSL of the Week: The Long Wait

* Focus on Asia: The Philippine Radio Story - 9 - 01:01
     General Douglas MacArthur Returns to the Philippines: The Radio Story
            In May 1944, American personnel on service in Australia commandeered an American ship, the Apache, that was under modification in Sydney Harbour and it was fitted out with two transmitters and associated equipment, including two power generators.  An AWA shortwave communication transmitter in storage in Brisbane was modified for voice capability, and two American made International Harvester power generators, each at 50 kW, were taken from American army stores already in Australia and these items were all installed in the Apache.
            Back at that time, the construction of a 10 kW mediumwave transmitter was nearing completion at a radio factory near Melbourne in Victoria.  This transmitter was originally intended for installation by the PMG Department for use as an ABC mediumwave station on 880 kHz at an unstated location. 
            It is possible that this 10 kW unit was originally intended for installation at 6GN at Geraldton in Western Australia on 880 kHz.  A few months later, a 2 kW transmitter was indeed inaugurated as 6GN in Geraldton, though on 820 kHz. 
            Traveling alone along the east coast of Australia, the Apache arrived on schedule at the edge of Humboldt Bay on the northern coast of New Guinea, on October 11, 1944.  However, at this stage, the Apache broke down and it had to be towed into the bay area at Hollandia, where repairs were quickly carried out.
            For the first time, test broadcasts were made from the two transmitters.  Just before noon on
Friday October 13, 1944, power was applied successfully to the mediumwave transmitter.  This unit was then powered down, and then power was successfully applied to the shortwave transmitter.  Next in this sequence, power was applied to both transmitters simultaneously, and then there was a loud pop, and the system closed down automatically.
            Following the quick replacement of a blown large capacitor, the system was again activated, and voice contact was made on shortwave with San Francisco.  Radio silence was imposed at 3:00 pm that afternoon on all ships in the flotilla that were bound for the Philippines.  The Apache went silent now for a whole week.
            Another innovative radio ship that joined the flotilla that was bound for the Philippines was the little ship that was identified as FP47.  This ship, just 125 feet long, was also built in the United States originally for freight and passenger traffic with Alaska.     
            The FP47 was also taken to Sydney in New South Wales Australia, where it was completely rebuilt and re-outfitted with radio equipment that included two American army Morse Code transmitters at 500 watts each and two power generators.  The FP47 also sailed alone from Sydney to Hollandia in readiness for the return invasion of the Philippines.
            The Hollandia contingent of ships set sail at 4:00 pm on October 12 and they were joined by many additional ships from several American bases along the northern coast of New Guinea.  The total invasion force numbered more than 750 ships that made the week long journey of 1400 miles from New Guinea to the Leyte Gulf in the Philippines.
            Included in this massive flotilla were several radio ships, most of which were fitted out with radio equipment in Sydney or Brisbane.  There were five major radio ships in the invasion fleet, in addition to a fleet of smaller and temporary radio communication ships. 
            The Apache was intended mainly for the transfer of press and radio information to the United States, as well as for the transmission of American radio programming to listeners in the Philippines.  The FP47 was used occasionally for the transmission of news and information back to the United States in Morse Code, though its main purpose was for the communication and the coordination of invasion information and tactics.       
            Three radio communication ships that were in use for tactical invasion information were identified as PCER848, PCER849 and PCER850.  These American ships had each been taken to Australia where AWA transmission equipment was installed before they were deployed up north.  We could also mention that there were as many as a dozen additional small radio ships, some American and some Australian, that were in temporary usage for invasion events and activities. 
            The massive fleet arrived in Leyte Gulf, Philippines during the evening of October 20, 1944;
the Apache made a series of radio broadcasts on shortwave on October 21; and MacArthur announced to the world on October 22, his famous I have returned speech.
            At the time of this broadcast, MacArthur was ashore at Red Beach, north of Palo on Samar Island.  An American army vehicle, a weapons carrier, had been fitted up as a mobile communication station, and MacArthur made his speech from this location. 
            This mobile broadcast was picked up on a navy vessel off shore, the light cruiser USS Nashville, which was the command ship under General Douglas MacArthur for the return invasion of the Philippines.  From the Nashville, MacArthurs famous words were flashed on shortwave to the Apache nearby, and thence across the Pacific to New Guinea, Australia, Hawaii and the United States.
            A location map giving the radio circuits in use for this historic broadcast shows that the radio signals from the two ships, Nashville & Apache were received and retransmitted by MacArthurs radio stations at Hollandia in New Guinea and Brisbane in Australia, and thence by RCA and army radio in Honolulu, to RCA and AT&T San Francisco.  In addition, shortwave station KGEI at San Francisco in California relayed the MacArthur speech for shortwave listeners throughout the Pacific. 

* Program Announcement - 08:10
                Allen Graham

* International Radio News - 09:00
            Amateur Radio Fest in India
            DRM demonstration
            Wavescan phone delivery 1 712 432 8868 - 3

* Long Wire Receiving Antenna
            Interview: WYFR Don Fish & Terry Elders

* SQOTW17 Special QSL of the Week: The Long Wait - 24:09
            Our special QSL of the week features the Long Wait; in fact a long wait extending over a period of 23 years from the time of the original reception to the arrival of the envelope containing the verifications.  Jerome Berg in suburban Boston, the author of the four authoritative volumes containing the entire history of shortwave broadcasting and listening, tells how he ultimately received a QSL from a regional shortwave station in Russia.
            In 1979, Jerry Berg heard the programming from a regional shortwave station located at Murmansk way above the Arctic Circle in the extreme northwest of Russia.  At that time, he recorded his reception with the use of on an old reel-to-reel tape recorder.
            It so happened that he was going through some of these old recordings a dozen years ago and he came across the old recording of his reception of the station in Murmansk.  He copied the recorded programming onto a CD and posted it off to the station, together with a letter of explanation and a prepared do-it-yourself QSL card in the Russian language. 
            A month later, he received a friendly letter in English from the officer at the Murmansk radio station, together with the prepared QSL card duly signed and rubber stamped.  A long wait of 23 years!    

* Music of the World - 25:34
            Philippines: Folk orchestral

* Closing Announcement - 26:00
            Thanks for listening to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis
            Next week:-
                        1. The Story of the Good Ship Radio Scotland                  
                        2. WRMI Insert
                        3. DX Report
            Several QSL cards available.  Send your AWR & KSDA reception reports for Wavescan to the                            AWR address in Indianapolis; and also to the station your radio is tuned to: WRMI or                                 WWCR or KVOH, or to the AWR relay stations that carry Wavescan.  Remember too,                             you can send a reception report to each of the DX reporters when their segment is on                          the air here in Wavescan: Japan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Australia & India.  They will                             verify with a colorful QSL card.  Return postage and an address label are always                                            appreciated.
            Wavescan address:-
                        Box 29235
                        Indiana 46229 USA
            Wavescan @
            Jeff White, shortwave WRMI

* Music Outrun - 27:39

* Program Ends - 28:55