Sunday, November 02, 2014

Wavescan NWS293

* Theme - 00:00
            “Birthday Serenade - Willi Glahe

* Opening Announcement - 00:16
            Welcome to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
            Program outline
                        1. North of the Stone Wall: The Radio Scene in Scotland - 2
                        2. HFCC Sofia Bulgaria 2014 Report
                        3. Japan DX Report
                        4. Special QSLs: Indiana listener received nostalgic QSL from the Voice of Mongolia

* North of the Stone Wall: The Radio Scene in Scotland - 2 - 01:03
            In part 2 of the  radio scene in Scotland, North of the Stone Wall, we go back to the early 1920s, at the time when the first radio broadcasting stations were installed in Scotland.  All four of these early BBC stations were Marconi units rated at 1½ kW; three operated in the mediumwave band, and one in the longwave band.
            Radio program broadcasting came to Scotland on March 6, 1923 with the inauguration of station 5SC in Glasgow with 1½ kW on 717 kHz.  The original studios were located in a confined area, in an attic in Rex House at 202 Bath Street, and the transmitter was installed in the Pinkston Power Station at Port Dundas, a mile north of Glasgow city.  The number at the beginning of the callsign 5SC has no apparent real significance within the territories of the United Kingdom, though the letters SC would seem to indicate the first two letters in the territorial name, Scotland.
            Subsequent stations that came on the air quite soon afterwards were Aberdeen 2BD 605 kHz,  Edinburgh 2EH 328 kHz, and Dundee 2DE 906 kHz.  The callsign for each of these three subsequent stations began with the number 2, and the letters in each callsign can be seen in the name of the city of  license.
            Thus the second radio broadcasting station in Scotland was 2BD (605 kHz) in Aberdeen, a relay station with studios at 17 Belmont Street and the transmitter almost adjoining at the Aberdeen Steam Laundry in Claremont Street.  This station was officially inaugurated on October 10 of the same year 1923.    
            The third station was the lone longwave relay station 2EH (328 kHz) with studios in the back premises of a music shop at 79 George Street Edinburgh
and the transmitter in a wooden hut in the quadrangle at the nearby university buildings at Teviot Place on the other side of the main railway station. 
            In addition to the relay of programs from the network key station 5SC in Glasgow, the Edinburgh 2EH was noted back in that era for the production of its own afternoon programming, and a Childrens Hour on Friday evenings.  This station was officially inaugurated on May 1 of the following year 1924.
            The fourth early broadcasting station in Scotland was 2DE (906 kHz) in Dundee with studios at 1 Lochee Street and the transmitter at the Caldrum Jute Works on nearby St. Salvador Street.  This station was inaugurated on November 12 of the same year 1924.
            All four of the original mediumwave stations in Scotland were subsequently replaced by the BBC at updated locations with new equipment before the commencement of World War 2 in 1939.
            North of the Stone Wall, in Scotland itself, the BBC is on the air these days with a multitude of radio and TV stations throughout the entire country.  The BBC Scotland runs separate radio & TV channels in English and in the Gaelic language.
            A map indicating all of the AFRS American Forces Radio Stations in the British Isles during World War 2 shows two stations in Scotland.  These stations were located at American bases apparently near the two major cities, Glasgow and Edinburgh.  Almost nothing is known about these two stations, except that they operated at very low power, usually 50 watts.  It is known that one station was installed in the American Military Hospital at Cowglen, near Glasgow.
            No regular shortwave broadcasting station has ever been erected in Scotland, though hobby pirates have been noted at various times.  For example, QSL cards show:-
                        Radio Freedom         Midlothian                  1974      35 watts        6220 kHz
                        Radio Stella               Central Scotland       1983      20                  7319
                        Voice of Scotland     Cambridge England?           1993    300                  6205

            However, there have been some program relays on shortwave from Scotland with the usage of relay stations in the northern hemisphere.  A licensed internet radio station, Radio Six international in Glasgow, took out several short term relays via shortwave stations in Europe and the United States.  The shortwave stations in Europe were located in Italy and Latvia, and the shortwave stations in the United States were WBCQ in Monticello Maine and WWCR in Nashville Tennessee.  These shortwave relays from Radio Six International were on the air for a period of a little over five years, running from December 2003 to December 2008.

* Program Announcement - 06:25
            Allen Graham

* HFCC Sofia Bulgaria 2014 Report - 07:16
            HFCC Council
            Spaceline information
            Churches & monasteries
            Next HFCC Meetings
* Japan DX Report - 16:13
            Yukiko Tsuji

* Special QSL: Letter from Home, Voice of Mongolia, Honhor, Mongolia - 21:56
            For our unique QSL this week, we feature a very special QSL that was received by Mrs. Dr. Carolyn Lysandrou, amateur callsign KC9URR, who now lives in Bloomington, Indiana.  Some years ago, Dr. Lysandrou was living in Ulaan Baatar, Mongolia where she spent some time. 
            Here in the United States two years ago, she endeavored on several occasions to tune in to the shortwave service of the Voice of Mongolia, and then on September 14 (2012) she was finally successful in tuning their signal on 12085 kHz.  This 250 kW shortwave transmitter is located at Honhor, a few miles south east from the national capital Ulaan Baatar.  
            Her reception report was verified by a friendly letter in English from Uyanga Ganchangaa together with a QSL card; that is, a tourist picture postcard with the QSL text handwritten on the reverse side.      
            Mrs. Carolyn states that she spent many days trying to hear the station, and that it was so nice to receive such a wonderful personal letter referring to the area where she used to live in Ulaan Baatar.  With a nostalgic comment, Carolyn Lysandrou concludes by saying: I miss Mongolia.

* Music of the World - 22:15
            Mongolia: My Beloved Country, Mongolian National Song & Dance Ensemble

* Closing Announcement - 24:03
            Thanks for listening to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis
            Next week:-
                        1. 100th Anniversary Panama Canal: The Radio Story - 2               
                        2. WRMI Insert
                        3. A multitude of QSLs from Calcutta in India
                        4. Philippine DX Report
                        5. QSL of the Week: Firedrake Jammer in China
            Several QSL cards available.  Send your AWR & KSDA reception reports for Wavescan to the                            AWR address in Indianapolis; and also to the station your radio is tuned to: WRMI or                                 WWCR or KVOH, or to the AWR relay stations that carry Wavescan.   Remember too,                            you can send a reception report to each of the DX reporters when their segment is on                          the air here in Wavescan: Japan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Australia & India.  They will                             verify with a colorful QSL card.  Return postage and an address label are always                                            appreciated.
            Wavescan address:-
                        Box 29235
                        Indiana 46229 USA
            Wavescan @
            Jeff White, shortwave WRMI

* Music Outrun - 26:01

* Program Ends - 28:53