Thursday, June 30, 2005

Govt allows FDI in private FM radio; says no to news

Govt allows FDI in private FM radio; says no to news

Friday July 1 2005 00:00 IST
NEW DELHI: Launching a major expansion programme for private FM radio
services, the government allowed 20 per cent foreign direct investment
the sector on Thursday and decided on a revenue share regime against
existing licence fee structure to allow a total of 330 stations in 90
The Union Cabinet, which met here to thrash out the policy framework
for the
second phase of FM radio licensing, however, decided to continue the
ban on
news and current affairs.
"Time has come for revival of radio in the country and the government
planned a huge expansion of the private FM radio network which will
lead to
generation of employment and opportunities and encourage talent,"
Information and Broadcasting Minister S Jaipal Reddy told reporters
"Even as we have decided to allow FDI at the existing 20 per cent cap
FIIS, OCBs and NRIs, there will be no news permitted on private FM
under the present regime," the Minister said.
The licence fee regime adopted in the first phase proved to be
for the growth of FM radio sector where of the 108 frequencies put on
only 21 were operational, two of which have also given notice to close
Reddy said the operators will now have to shell four per cent of their
revenue as annual licence fee, adding that existing operators will also
allowed to migrate to the new regime and there "would be no
of any player.
Bidding for the second phase will start in about a month's time, he
observing that "the government has not looked at the revenue aspect at
while framing the new policy. "The idea is to encourage expansion of
in the private sector," he said.
Asked about broadcast of news and current affairs, he said, "We have
looked at this aspect at all... I am not saying no... Actually I have
taken a decision on this aspect as several issues have to be looked
before taking a view."
Reddy said in framing the new policy, the government had accepted most
the recommendations of the radio broadcast policy committee under the
chairmanship of FICCI's Amit Mitra as well as that of broadcast
He said in the second phase, the cities would be divided into four
categories -- A, B, C and D -- starting from the metros and flowing
down to
the smaller ones.
The number of operators in the a category (metros) will be restricted
about 10-11 players while in B cities it will be six, four in C and two
in D
"The new players will have to pay a one-time entry fee through close
process, and each successful bidder will pay as per his bid amount,"
said, explaining the manner in which the second phase licences will be
Existing operators will have to pay the average bid amount of new
"The government will not black-list any player on the basis of ongoing
litigation in various courts... We will allow everyone to participate
in the
new bidding process," he added.
Observing that competition will be a key element under the new regime,
said "no private radio can only run on film music. They have to
their own content to survive."
Reddy said the government plans to set up a quasi-judicial regulatory
authority to deal with disputes, pending which the ministry will have
regulatory powers.

330 pvt FM radio stations to go air soon

330 pvt FM radio stations to go air soon

Thursday, 30 June , 2005, 16:13

New Delhi: The government today unveiled a new policy aimed at
''ushering in
a radio revolution'' that will see 330 private FM radio stations spring
in 90 cities across the country with 20 per cent foreign investment,
including FDI. Today in Sify Finance
The FM radio stations will, however, primarily be
entertainment-oriented as
these will not be allowed to air any current affairs news content.
The new policy for the second phase of FM radio in the private sector
approved at a Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh,
Information and Broadcasting Minister S Jaipal Reddy told reporters.
Under the policy, the new FM radio stations would have to pay a
entry fee (OTF) that would be decided through a closed bidding process
each successful bidder would pay according to his bid amount. In
they will have to part with four per cent of their annual revenue as
The existing operators, who number a mere 21, would have to pay the
one-time entry fee paid by the successful bidders.
The bidding process would start in about a month.
To prevent monopoly, no operator would be allowed to run more than one
station in the four metros and other major cities. Nor can they have
networking of their stations in major cities. Further, no company would
allowed to run more than 15 per cent of the proposed stations. Telecom
regulator, TRAI, had recommended 25 per cent, but the Cabinet reduced
it to
15 per cent, Reddy said. BPO data security
The new policy was aimed at expansion of such channels, rather than
revenue for the government, the Minister said.
The first phase policy, announced in July 1999, had a lot of emphasis
revenue, instead of growth. ''That experiment failed. We have,
decided to accept the recommendations of the Amit Mitra committee and
in favour of revenue sharing formula,'' Reddy said.

Alokesh Gupta
New Delhi



Q.1 Who was appointed the first controller of Broadcasting in
Ans.1 Lionel Fielden

Q.2 When was first News bulletin broadcast from AIR?
Ans.2 January 19, 1936

Q.3 When did the Vividh Bharati Services start?
Ans.3 October 3, 1957

Q.4 When was the TV separated from AIR?
Ans.4 April 1, 1976

Q.5 From which station the first ever FM service was inaugurated?
Ans.5 Madras in July 23, 1977

Q.6 When was the National Channel introduced?
Ans.6. May 18, 1988

Q.7 When was the political parties broadcast introduced?
Ans.7. 1977

Q.8 When and where was Super Power Medium Wave Transmitter
Ans.8. 1000 KW Super Power Medium Transmitter at Kolkatta (Mogra) on
August 15, 1969.

Q.9 When did commercials on Vividh Bharati start?
Ans.9. November 1, 1967

Q.10 In which language do External Services start its broadcast?
Ans.10. External Services started with Pusthu broadcast on
1, 1939.

Q.11 Where was the 100th Station of AIR commissioned?
Ans.11 Warangal (A.P.) on March 2, 1980.

Q.12 When did Sky Radio became operational?
Ans.12 April 1, 1994

Q.13 Where was the 150th Station of AIR commissioned
Ans.13 Berhampur (Orissa) on April 1, 1993

Q.14 When and where was Phone in programme first introduced?
Ans.14 Phone in programme introduced at AIR, Delhi on
January 10,

Q.15 When was the first TV station started?
Ans.15 First TV Station was started in Delhi on November 1,
(at the time it was part of AIR).

Q.16 When were the Akashvani Annual Awards instituted?
Ans.16. 1974

Q.17 When was the Yuva-Vani service started?
Ans.17 Yuv-Vani Service started at Delhi on July 21, 1969.

Q.18 When was the First Radio Sangeet Sammelam held?
Ans.18 1957

Q.19 When did the Central News Organization came into existence?
Ans.19 August 1, 1937

Q.20 When and where was the Super Power short-wave transmitter
Ans.20 Four 500 KW Super Power short wave transmitters at
inaugurated. This made Bangalore one of the biggest transmitting
centers in the world.

Q.21 When was Radio paging service inaugurated?
Ans.21 July 15, 1995

Q.22 When was the foundation stone laid for new broadcasting house
Ans.22 February 1, 1996

Q.23 When and where were the Multi track recording studios
Ans.23 Chennai on August 5, 1995

Q.24 When did Prasar Bharati Corporation came into existence?
Ans.24 Prasar Bharati Corporation came into existence on
23, 1997
and took control of AIR & Doordarshan.

Q.25 When was the museum of Radio and Doordarshan inaugurated?
Ans.25 Museum of Radio and Doordarshan was inaugurated on
November 12,
2001 and declared as the Public Service
Broadcasting day
commemorate Gandhiji visit to AIR.

Q.26 When and where was the Broadcasting service initiated?
Ans.26 Broadcasting service initiated by the Madras
Radio Club on
July 31, 1924.

Q.27 When was the first private radio station set up?
Ans.27 Akashvani Mysore, a private radio station was set up on

Q. 28 When was the first national programme of music broadcast from
Ans.28 July 20, 1952

Q.29 When and where did the first local station started?
Ans.29 First Local Station started at Nagarcoil on October

Q.30 When was the National Channel introduced?
Ans.30 National Channel introduced on May 18, 1988

Q.31. When did the Radio Club of Bombay broadcast its first programme
Ans.31 In June, 1923

Q.32. When did AIR came under Ministry of I&B ?
Ans.32 October 24, 1941

Q.33. At the time of Partition in 1947 how many radio stations were
Ans.33 Six (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta, Chennai,
Tiruchirapalli and

Q.34. Where was the first Station of the Indian Broadcasting Company
Ans.34 Mumbai

Q.35 Who was the British Viceroy of India when Indian Broadcasting
Company was inaugurated ?
Ans.35 Lord Irwin

Q.36. When did the broadcasting in India came under the direct
control of
Ans.36 In April 1, 1930

Q.37. In which Princely State broadcasting began in September, 1935
the name AKASHVANI?
Ans.37 Mysore

Q.38. What is the meaning of AKASHVANI ?
Ans.38 The voice from the sky.

Q.39. When was the first 10 kw sw transmiktter was commissioned and
Ans.39 February 4, 1938 - In Mumbai

Q.40. When was the Broadcasting along with Post, Telegraph,
Telephones and
wireless was placed in the Union List of the seventh Schedule?
Ans.40 January 26, 1950

Q.41. In which year radio stations were set up at Rajkot, Jaipur,
and Shimla on sw.
Ans.41 In 1955

Q.42. Who was the first Indian Director General of All India Radio?
Ans.42 Prof. A.S. Bokhari

Q.43. When was the "Vividh Bharati" inaugurated and from where ?
Ans.43 October 3, 1957 - From Mumbai

Q.44. Under which Five Year Plan the medium-wave expansion plan got
Ans.44 Under Third Five Year Plan (1961-66)

Q.45. Which Committee recommended the introduction of Commercial
Ans.45 Chanda Committee (Shri Ashok K. Chanda)

Q.46. When was the Yuva Vani Channel commissioned and where ?
Ans.46 July 21, 1969 - At Delhi

Q.47. Where was the first 250 kw power transmitter inaugurated ?
Ans.47 Aligarh

Q.48. When was the TV formally separated from AIR?
Ans.48 April 1, 1976

Q.49. When did NSD and ESD came into existence ?
Ans.49 In the year 1948

Q.50. When was the Farm and Home Units established?
Ans.50 In 1965

Q.51 Kisan Vani programme is run from how many centers?
Ans.51 96 centers

Q.52 Are you aware that we can get credit from service tax paid.
Ans.52 Yes

Q.53 Is Prasar Bharati a charitable organization as per provisions
of the
IT Act.
Ans.53 Yes

Q.54 How many FM Station are there in AIR.?
Ans.54 139

Q.55 Which station in AIR earn the maximum Revenue.
Ans.55 Kodaikanal

Q.56 In how many stations is FM Rainbow broadcast and in how many
stations is FM Gold broadcast?
Ans.56 FM Rainbow from eight stations and FM Gold from four

Q.57 What is the full name of PPL.
Ans.57 Phonographic Performance Limited

Q.58 What is the full name of DTEPS.
Ans.58 Director Transcription & Programme Exchange Services.


Alokesh Gupta
New Delhi

BBC Africa Live! - Where local meets global

29 June 2005

BBC Africa Live! - Where local meets global

The BBC is bringing African audiences in the UK and across the African continent together for the first time in a unique initiative which combines five of its UK local radio stations with the BBC World Service’s specialist interactive programme for Africa, Africa Live!

Starting on Monday, 4 July, Africa Live! works with its partner stations in Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda and the BBC local radio stations so, people in communities in the UK and across Africa can share and explore a range of issues affecting their lives, from investment and health to sport.

The Africa Live! anchor, Solomon Mugera will be on the ground at BBC stations in Cornwall, Derby, Leicester, Manchester and Three Counties talking to people about the issues of the day. Simultaneously in Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Mozambique on-the-ground presenters will discuss the same issues with local people in the markets, the schools and the streets. Radio, digital and satellite listeners in the UK and local radio station audiences in Africa will simultaneously hear and be able to engage with broadcasts.

Martin Davies, Editor of Africa Live! said: “Every day is different and has a topic with resonance for both communities. Our teams are undertaking the project to try to gauge the level of engagement between Africa and the UK. The Africa Live! community conversations will encourage people to become active participants of the global dialogue.”

The week starts on Monday, 4 July, with a sporting theme: to what extent is any sporting contest won inside the head? BBC Radio Derby and the BBC’s Nigerian partner station Ray Power team up for a discussion on Nigerian footballer Taribo West who played for UK’s Derby County in 2000 and is returning to the city to take part in the show. Meanwhile, thousands of miles away in West’s home town of Port Harcourt, Ray Power will be connected via satellite to the show as guests and presenter Oworu Oloyede will join Solomon Mugera of Africa Live! and BBC Derby’s Ross Fletcher.

During the rest of the week the teams will discuss with their audiences what they invest in, what they can expect from their health services, how to open up their part of the world to visitors and still keep it special, and what the relationship is between the UK Premiership and African football. The locations are as follows:

Tuesday, 5 July: BBC Radio Leicester and Radio 1 in Kampala, Uganda
Wednesday, 6 July: BBC Radio Cornwall and MCR in Maputo, Mozambique
Thursday, 7 July: BBC Radio Three Counties and Kiss FM in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Friday, 8 July: BBC Radio GMR and Ray Power in Lagos, Nigeria

For further information, please contact:
Lala Najafova, International Publicist, BBC World Service
+44(0)207557 2944;

Note to editors:

BBC World Service broadcasts programmes around the world in 43 languages and is available on radio and online. It has a global audience of 149 million listeners. BBC World Service is available globally on short wave; on FM in 144 cities; and selected programmes are carried on around 2,000 FM and MW radio stations around the world. The BBC World Service websites receive around 335 million page impressions every month.

Africa Live! is the BBC’s interactive radio and online programme connecting millions of listeners in Africa and across the world. Listeners can express their opinions, share problems and discuss solutions to major issues including politics, health, crime and family relationships.

BBC Local Radio in England and the national radio stations for Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland provide millions of listeners with the opportunity to engage with their communities. The stations broadcast high quality new, informative magazine programmes , phone-ins and debates: forming a vital part of the BBC's public service role. 10 local radio stations are forming longer term partnerships with radio stations in Africa.

Frequencies of the BBC Local Radio stations involved in the programme: Radio Leicester 104.9 FM, Radio GMR 95.1/104.6 FM, Radio Derby 104.5 /95.3 96 FM/1116 AM, Radio Cornwall 103.9 /95.2 FM and Radio Three Counties 94.7/95.5/98/103.8/104.5 FM,