Sunday, February 15, 2015

Wavescan NWS312

* Theme - 00:00
            “Birthday Serenade - Willi Glahe

* Opening Announcement - 00:16
            Welcome to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
            Program outline
                        1. Over the Years with PWI: USA & Europe
                        2. Book Review: International Shortwave Broadcast Guide
                        3. International DX News
                        4. Special QSL of the Week SQOTW28: Short Term Jamming Transmission

* Over the Years with PWI: USA & Europe - 01:02
            In our continuing series of topics regarding the shortwave stations operated by PWI, Press Wireless International, we look at the wartime years over in islandic and continental Europe.  During this era, the Press Wireless factory on Long Island, quite near to their shortwave transmitter station at Hicksville, manufactured many shortwave transmitters at various power levels, including their now famous 40 kW unit, as well as their low powered mobile units. 
            These PWI transmitters were shipped to England and subsequently to continental Europe by both navy and commercial vessels, usually with each consignment split and conveyed by different ships.  In this way, if some ships were sunk by enemy submarine attacks, then only a partial consignment was lost, not a complete consignment of electronic equipment.  It is known that at least one mobile station was lost in 1944 due to enemy action, and that station still lies to this day on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean.
            Actually, Press Wireless began their European operations in 1932 with the opening of an office in Paris France, and the leased usage of transmitting and receiving facilities from the French PT&T authorities in nearby country areas.  Their Paris operation collected the news flow from other countries in Europe and fed the information to the United States via the PWI receiver station at Little Neck on the north side of Long Island, New York.
             As the onset of the European Conflict progressed, PWI moved its European operation in the summer of 1940, initially from Paris to Bordeaux on the Atlantic coast in the south west of France, and then to Tours, almost in the center of France, and finally to Vichy France, though that location was soon afterwards closed. 
            Towards the end of the War in Europe, PWI began to send shipments of radio equipment from the United States, beginning in the early part of the year 1944.  The first of the 40 kW PWI SSB transmitters to arrive on the other side of the Atlantic was installed at Lingfield with the receiver station at Swanley Junction, both in Surrey in the south of England.  The purpose for this station was to establish communication circuits with the United States. 
            Two more of these 40 kW transmitters were transported to England; and the teams of technical radio personnel associated with these units received their training on a similar unit located at PWI Hicksville.  In 1944, the technical equipment and personnel were taken by ship to the British Isles. 
            One ship in use for this purpose was the ex-passenger liner, Mauretania" which travelled across the Atlantic alone, without convoy.  It was considered to be a fast ship that could outrun any other seafaring vessels that might be in pursuit.  The equipment was landed in Scotland and taken south by road.
            The radio personnel installed one of these PWI transmitters at an army camp located at Stowe-on-Wold in Gloucestershire, almost in the south of England.  This transmitter was used for two purposes.  One was to broadcast fake communication transmissions that would give the impression that the coming invasion of continental Europe under what became D-Day would take place in Calais, or perhaps even in Norway, instead of the intended Normandy; and the other purpose was for army communications back to the United States. 
            Following the installation of the transmitter in England, the PWI team landed in France and began work on the installation of the other unit at Les Essarts, an outer suburb of Paris.  Originally, this 40 kW PWI transmitter was planned for installation at Renne in France.  However, with the progress of events at the front line, a more advanced location, Les Essarts, was chosen.
            The electronic equipment for this station was delivered in 1,000 crates & boxes, and it was re-assembled in 25 days by 45 personnel.  This transmitter facility was installed in buildings commandeered for the purpose and the receiver station was located in an old farm house further down the same road. 
            Power came from three Cummings diesel generators, and rhombic antennas were beamed on the United States for communication with PWI Little Neck, New York.  This new and rather substantial shortwave station was activated in September 1944.  A photo at the entrance way to the station shows the callsign as CZ2T, though it identified on air simply as Radio Paris.
            The main purpose for this PWI station in Paris was to relay news items and news commentaries from SHAEF Supreme Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces back to the United States for insertion into the broadcast programming of the Voice of America.  On several occasions, international radio monitors in the United States, New Zealand and Australia noted PWI Hicksville & Paris in communication with each other for the transfer of radio news items.
            For example, in March 1945, Radio Paris CZ2T was noted on 15920 kHz with a program relay to the United States; and in September this station was noted on 15293 kHz with program inserts for the NBC Blue Network.  In the reverse direction, PWI Hicksville was noted calling SHAEF Paris on several occasions.  The Hicksville channel callsigns at the time were WPJ on 11640 kHz & WJQ on 10010 kHz.
            Apparently someone in the radio world had an insight into the workings of PWI Paris, because in September 1945, a column editor in Australia stated that the permanence of this station was doubtful.
            However, the story does not end here.  In addition to the single 40 kW PWI transmitter at Les Essarts, there was a multitude of other transmitters, maybe even 15 or more.  One of these was a 10 kW shortwave broadcast transmitter that was installed in a subsidiary building at the Les Essarts station for the relay of radio programming from Radio Diffusion Francaise in Paris.  The main coverage area from this unit was intended to be Europe & Africa.
            As far as is known, this shortwave broadcast transmitter operated on only one channel, 9560 (9550) kHz.  The programming was always a relay from Paris, and often in parallel with shortwave transmitters at other locations.  This station was often heard in the United States, and sometimes in Australia & New Zealand.  It was also listed in several early editions of the World Radio Handbook.
            It appears that the power of the French shortwave station at Les Essarts was raised from 10 kW to 100 kW somewhere around the year 1947.  It is possible then that the power level of the 40 kW transmitter was raised in the era after peace was resumed in Europe, and after the American personnel had returned to their homeland.
            So there you have it.  This PWI shortwave station located on the edge of suburban Paris was on the air with news for newspapers, and voice reports for radio & TV stations in the United States, as well as with program relays for re-broadcast by the Voice of America.  In addition, this shortwave station also operated as a relay station for the international shortwave service of Radio Diffusion Francaise.
            More about PWI in Europe on another coming occasion.

* Program Announcement - 08:54
            Allen Graham

* Publication Review: International Shortwave Broadcast Guide - 09:43
            A most remarkable shortwave book at a most remarkable price is the Winter 2014 - 2015 edition of the comprehensive volume, International Shortwave Broadcast Guide by Gayle van Horn at Teak Publishing in Brasstown, North Carolina.  This twice-annual volume, now the third in this series, contains almost 500 pages of valuable and interesting information about shortwave broadcasting.
            Gayle van Horn asks the question: So why should you listen to shortwave radio?  Quite simply, she answers, because shortwave radio is your window to the world.  Throughout the world, shortwave remains the most readily available and affordable means of mass communication and information.  It lets you listen to voices from around the world.  Shortwave radio provides nearly instantaneous coverage of news and events from around the Earth.
            You can easily listen to shortwave broadcast stations located in countries all around our globe, specially if you know when to listen!   Thats where this new edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide is particularly useful.
            The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition) is a unique information resource that provides a 24-hour station/frequency guide to all of the known stations currently broadcasting on shortwave radio at the time of publication.  This tabulated information offers an hour-by-hour schedule that includes all language services, frequencies and world target areas for each broadcast station.
            This new e-publication edition is an expanded version of the English shortwave broadcast guide formerly printed in the pages of Monitoring Times magazine for over 20 years.  This one of a kind e-book is now published twice a year to correspond with station seasonal time and frequency changes.
            It is a splendid radio adventure to peruse each page in the current edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide.  For example, the first chapter provides us with interesting information, all about shortwave radio.  These entries are followed by hints on accessing the international and tropical shortwave bands, together with suggestions regarding the usage and availability of suitable shortwave radio receivers.
            The comprehensive and uniquely complete listening guide is set out hour by hour in UTC (international radio) timings, with the shortwave stations listed in alphabetic order of country.  If you want to listen to the world, here is your opportunity; all of the nearly 400 pages of tabulated listings are sprinkled here and there with a reproduction in color of an exotic QSL card from a shortwave station somewhere on planet Earth.
            Towards the end of the current edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide you will find a listing of all current DX programs on the air shortwave, including Wavescan with all of its many timings.  The final section of this fascinating eBook tells us about the author Gayle van Horn and her
illustrious radio backgrounds, together with the availability of her many other radio books, each in electronic form.
            The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition) is now available for purchase worldwide from at www. amazon. com.  The price for this latest edition is just a little under US$5.  Remarkable!  And remember too, that frequency updates between editions are posted on her Shortwave Central blog at:
            Now, if any of you, our listeners, do not have access to the internet, we would suggest that you contact a friend who is internet savvy, and ask him to download this volume, at such a low price, on your behalf.
            We can confidently recommend to you the new and current International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition).  It will be of real value to you in your listening to the international and tropical shortwave broadcasting bands.
            We might also add, that this valuable compendium stands just as high in the international radio world as the annual publication, World Radio TV Handbook, and as the four volume set on shortwave broadcasting and listening by Jerome Berg. 
            Is short-wave broadcasting dead?  No, not so, and far from it.  Just ask those who attend the twice yearly HFCC Planning meetings.  And those who endeavor to locate an empty spot on the shortwave dial to insert a desired broadcast program.  And those who plan and produce DX programs.  And those who respond to listener reception reports and issue QSL cards.    
            Thank you Gayle van Horn, for your splendid service to the international shortwave world!

* Bangladesh DX News - 14:44
            Salahuddin Dolar

* Special QSL of the Week SQOTW28: Short Term Jamming Transmission - 18:01
            Thomas Drescher in Rosrath, Germany, tells us that he also has received a QSL card from a jamming transmission.  Back in the 1970s, there were several pirate radio stations operating aboard ships anchored in open waters in the North Sea with programming beamed to various countries in islandic and continental Europe.  One of these ships was the Mebo 2 with on air programming under the identification RNI, Radio Nordsee International, beamed to England and Holland, though their programming at that stage was in English and German.
            The 10 kW shortwave channel for RNI was 6210 kHz though for a few days this transmitter channel was adjusted slightly to 6215 kHz.  The Maritime Radio Station, Radio Rogaland, located towards the southern tip of Norway, claimed that RNI was broadcasting on a Radio Rogaland channel and so they jammed the programming from the pirate radio ship.
            The continuous loop tape message in English from Radio Rogaland stated:
                        This is a transmission from the Norwegian coast station Rogaland Radio operating in                                single side band mode, upper side band, with a carrier frequency of 6215.0 kHz. The                                purpose of this transmission is to clear the channel of unauthorized and out of band                                   broadcasting, to improve reception conditions for ships wishing to communicate with                                coast stations on this frequency or on adjacent maritime channels.
            Thomas Drescher sent a reception report regarding the jamming transmission to Radio Rogaland in Norway, and he received a QSL in response.  The handwritten QSL text was inscribed on the back of a photograph depicting two radio officers on duty at the control panels of Radio Rogaland.  The QSL text verified the reception of Radio Rogaland on July 8, 1970.

* Music of the World - 20:12
            Norway: Folk Music from NRK, accordion

* Closing Announcement - 20:38
            Thanks for listening to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis
            Next week:-
                        1. Railway Radio in Australia - 1                    
                        2. Australian DX Report
                        3. SQOTW29 Special QSL of the Week: First Reception Report from India
            Several QSL cards available.  Send your AWR & KSDA reception reports for Wavescan to the                            AWR address in Indianapolis; and also to the station your radio is tuned to: WRMI or                                 WWCR or KVOH, or to the AWR relay stations that carry Wavescan.  Remember too,                             you can send a reception report to each of the DX reporters when their segment is on                          the air here in Wavescan: Japan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Australia & India.  They will                             verify with their own colorful QSL card.  Return postage and an address label are always                       appreciated.
            Wavescan address:-
                        Box 29235
                        Indiana 46229 USA
            Wavescan @
            Jeff White, shortwave WRMI

* Music Outrun - 22:19
            Norway: Folk Music from NRK, continued
                        Accordion orchestra
                        Folk orchestral           
                        Male vocal

* Program Ends - 28:55


1. Press Wireless International: Radio Stations & Transmitters

Alphabetic Order of Country

No       Country           Location          Topic                                                   Year to Year      NWS         X
  01      Alaska             Anchorage      PWI                                                     194x                                   76
  02      Atlantic            Sunken ship    Over the Years with PWI                    1944                312
  03      Australia QL    Hemmant        MacArthur Radio                                1943 - 1946         6  76
  04      Canada           Halifax             APC Dartmouth temporary                1921 - 1923     305
  05                              Halifax             APC St. Margarets Bay                     1923 - 1932     305
  06      England           Stowe              DecoyTransmissions                          1944                312    
  07                              Lingfield           Communicate USA                            1944 - 1945     312
  08      Ethiopia           Asmara           PWI                                                     1942                                   76
  09      France             Paris, Vichy     Over the Years with PWI                    1932 - 1947     312
  10                              Paris                SHAEF CZ2T                                     1945 - 1946         6  76 312
  11      Germany         Frankfurt         PWI                                                     194x                                   76
  12      Hawaii             Honolulu          PWI Station KDG                                1930 - 1941     307     
  13                              Ewa                 Projected PWI Station                                    1944 - 1945     307                       
  14      Italy                 Naples             PWI                                                     1944                                   76
  15      Philippines       Manila             PWI (Globe-Mackay)                         1933 - 1941     305
  16                              Tacloban         Station PZ                                           1944 - 1945     305
  17                              Manila             Station PY                                           1944 - 1946     307                 
  18      Uruguay          Montevideo     Press Wireless                                    19xx                                   67
  19      USA MA          Needham        WJK, PWI 1st station                           1930 - 1932     305
  20              MA          West Newton  Factory                                                193x - 1952     305
  21              LI NY       Hicksville         Temporary VOA Relay Station          1935 - 1957       67
  22              LI NY       Hicksville         Factory                                                194x - 1952     305 307
  23              LI NY       Hicksville         HP Transmitter School                       WW2               307                                                                 
            Mobile Units   
            Pentagon                                             ==============================================================================

2. Press Wireless International:

Press Wireless International
  Year  Date    Information                                                                                                           Reference 
Press Wireless Backgrounds
 1929               PWI formed, dissatisfaction with WW1 news flow                                           Time 26-8-46
 1930s             Serving 62 countries  
  WW2             Established new factory Long Island City
  WW2             Sent several mobile stations to Europe
  1945 Nov 7   PWI Los Angeles sold into escrow for Don Wallace W6AM
  1946 Aug       Strike against Press Wireless, diminishing services & income
  1947 Aug 15  PWI filed for bankruptcy
  1965              PWI acquired by ITT
  19xx              At peak, PWI operated 100 transmitters at own locations
                                    New York, San Francisco, Manila, Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo
PWI Hicksville, Long Island, New York
  1935 May      Testing as W2XGB on 4797 kHz 500 w                                                         ISWC 5-35 33  
  1942 Jan       WCW began test broadcasts                                                                     IDXA-SPS 1-42 1
  1942 Apr 20  PWI-WCW Hicksville began VOA relay 2 hrs morning 2 hrs afternoon   VOA 97.001 15-5
  WW2             One 40 kW transmitter at Hicksville during WW2                                                          REK
  1944 Feb       NY stations use different call to denote service in which they are engaged   R&H 2-44 35
  1944 Dec 31 Appears to be date for end of VOA relays                                                        R&H entries
  1957              PWI Hicksville closed                                                                                                      GF
  19xx              Became a housing estate                                                                                 Radiomarine

PWI Receiver Station, Little Neck, LI NY
  1930              1st Press Wireless receiver station, north side LI                                           NR 21-7-60 21
  1940s            QSL card shows receiver positions                                                                        QSL card           
PWI Receiver Station, Baldwin, LI NY
  1950s            PWI receiving station located at Baldwin, south side Long Island                   Antiqueradios
  1959              PWI Baldwin closed                                                                                                          GF
  1960              PWI Baldwin receiver soon to close                                                             NR 21-7-60 21

PWI England
  1944 Early     40 kW PWI transmitter set up at army camp in South England                          REK Email
                        Installed at Stowe on the Wold Gloucestershire
                        Left for use by 3103rd Signal Service Battalion, decoy transmissions
                        Also used for army communications to USA
  1944 May      PWI team arrived England month before D-Day
                        40 kW SSB PWI transmitter installed at Lingfield, Surrey
                        Receiver station at Swanley Junction, Surrey
                        Communication back to USA
                        15 kW PWI transmitter & 400 watt Morse
  1944 Jun 6    D-Day

PWI CZ2T Les Essarts, near Paris, France
                        Ship carried 40 kW PWI transmitter to Scotland
                        90,000 transmitters in use for Allied invasion of Europe
                        Originally scheduled for installation at Renne
                        Delivered in 1,000 crates & boxes, re-assembled in 25 days by 45 personnel
  1944 Aug       Work began
                        PWI 40 kW transmitter set up in farm house location, Les Essarts, near Paris France
                        Power from 3 Cummings diesel generators
                        Rhombic antennas beamed on USA
                        Connected to SHAEF Paris by telephone line
                        Receiver station, down the road on farm property
                        Many other transmitters also
                        Detachment of navy personnel with own equipment
                        Several units, 10 kW & less, communicate with front lines, 15 or more transmitters
                        Separate building, French Paris Radio Diffusion Francaise, 10 kW
  1944 Sep       PWI 40 kW transmitter activated
                        Communicated with PWI Hicksville
  1944 Oct       PWI recently increased power, now 1 million words daily                         Time 1994 Nov 6
  1945 May 8   VE Day
  1945              Additional personnel came in assist operate SHAEF AM transmitter


3. SQOTW28: Special QSL of the Week

Progressive Topics

No  Call       Location                  Land            IRM      kHz   (k)W Year    Date     Significance                           QSL  NWS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
001 7LA      Launceston Tasmania     AMP    1100      .1  1961 Nov 6       Emergency transmitter               C    282
002 RA       Kabul           Afghanistan AMP     96.1    .01 1971 Jul 4         Experimental FM                      C    284
003 VOA    Poro            Philippines   AMP  15000    LP   1984 Feb 19      Malfunctioning exciter                 L    286
004 TTY     Perth           Australia      AMP    1130    .2    1966 Jun 24      6NM transmitter to 6ED        DIYC    287
005 ICPA    Kabul          Afghanistan AMP   102.8    ½                1972 Aug 27      Hotel Intercontinental            DIYC    289
006 KSFO  Frisco                      California     AMP      560    5     1989 Oct 18      Temporary after earthquake        C   290
007 RM       Havana       Cuba           AMP    9600 100     1982 Feb 3        Relay Radio Tashkent                C    291            008 NILB    Central   Pacific         PH    10800   LP     1968 Dec 23      Apollo Recovery, 1,000 SW         L    292
009 AWR    Ekala         Sri Lanka     CG    11800 100      1981 Feb 21      Test broadcasts Africa & ME       C    293                
010 PJC     Willemstad              Curacao      PH       8694    1      1969 Jan 9        Morse loop                                C    294
011 AFRTS Adana         Turkey         AMP    1590  .01    1980 Mar 24      Plane, WL in ft                       DIYC   295   
012 AWR    Sines          Portugal      TD       9670  250    1977 Aug 26      Self-designed AWR card            C   296
013 VoM     Honhor       Mongolia     CL     12085  250    2012 Sep 14      Lived in Ulaan Baatar              L&C   297           
014 CRI      Beijing         China           UQ    21660            2005 Sep 19      Firedrake jammer                       C   298
015 RM                         Russia         AMP  11875           1984 May 2       Russian jammer, BBC ARS?      C   299
016 NBC    Pt Moresby  New Guinea VL       4890   35      2006 Mar 18      Reduced power                          C   300
017 RM       Murmansk               Russia         JB       5930     5    1979 Jan 13      Long wait                       DIYC & L   301 018 RM      Pzavodsk          Russia         JB       5065     5    1979 Jan 21      Long wait                                    DIYC & L   302           
019 VLU2  Christmas Is Indian O.      AMP  1420     .5     1977 Aug 23      Tried many locations       DIYC & L   303            020 XMX   Christmas Is Indian O.      AMP    341     .1           1977 Aug 28      Airplane reception                  DIYC   304           021 AIR            Pt Blair        Andamans   JJ      1440      1     1992 Nov 12      Emergency transmission              L   305            022 ABC    Shepparton        Australia      TA     6080 100      2011 Feb 4        Emergency transmission            C   306 023 ORTB                        Benin           CO      SW             1985 Sep 20      Hard to hear, difficult to QSL     C   307 024 WQTC Bryan            USA-OH      AMP  1520     .5     1986 Jul 17       Two words, Bryan Radio       DIYC    308           
025 AIR        Bangalore  India            MKP   9690  500     2014 Feb 28      Memory of 1st radio broadcast   C   309 026 CHU     Ottawa  Canada        BW                 3330     3     2010 Sep 16      Low power TSW                      C&L   310
027 SW       11 Sites      Asia              TA              2 SW              2014 Jun 5        IRDR Trial Broadcasts                 C  311
028 TMR     Rogaland    Norway         TD               6210              1970 Jul 8         Jamming against RNI                    P  312
029 NBC    Pt Moresby  New Guinea JJ     3925     10      1976 Oct 25      1st report from India                      C  313 030 VOA                        Hawaii          AMP                                 

4. SQOTW28: Special QSL of the Week

Alphabetic Listing

            Title                              Call       City                  Country             IRM      City              Country         NWS            ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Airplane Monitoring                   AFRS   Adana               Turkey              AMP     Airplane        Turkey            295
                                                XMX     Christmas Is      Indian Ocean     AMP     Airplane        Indian Ocean  304 
Apollo Recovery                       NILB     USS Arlington   Pacific              PH        Woodland H USA-CA          292
Demonstration Transmitter         TTY      Perth                W Australia       AMP     Perth            Australia         287
Difficult to hear                         ORTB                           Benin                CO       Norrkoping   Sweden           307 Earthquake Emergency                   KSFO   San Francisco   USA                 AMP     Eugene         USA-OR          290
Emergency Transmitter              7LA      Launceston       Tasmania          AMP     Launceston  Tasmania         282
                                                AIR       Port Blair          Andaman Is       JJ         Hyderabad   India                305
                                                ABC     Shepparton       Australia           TA        Depok          Indonesia        306 Experimental FM                       RA        Kabul                Afghanistan      AMP     Kabul            Afghanistan     284
First Report: India                      NBC     Port Moresby    New Guinea       JJ                             India               313 Jammer: Firedrake                      CRI       Beijing              China                UQ-S    Norrkoping   Sweden           298
              Rogaland                    TMR     Rogaland          Norway             TD        Rosrath        Germany          312
              Russian                      RM                               Russia              AMP     Poona          India               299
Listener Designed QSL Card      AWR     Sines                Portugal            TD        Rosrath         Germany         296
Long Wait: 11 Years                  XMX     Christmas Is      Indian Ocean     AMP     Airplane        Indian Ocean  304
                 23 Years                  RM       Murmansk         Russia              JB        Lexington      USA-MA         301
                 23 years                   RM       Petrozavodsk    Russia              JB        Lexington      USA-MA        302
Low Power                                CHU     Ottawa              Canada             BW       Karoonda     S Australia       310           
Malfunctioning Exciter               VOA     Poro                 Philippines        AMP     Lahore          Pakistan         286
Many Locations                         VLU2    Christmas Is      Indian Ocean     AMP     Carnarvon    Australia          303
Memories: Letter from Home      VOM     Honhor             Mongolia          CL        Bloomington USA-IN           297
                 1st Radio Broadcast  AIR       Bangalore         India                 MKP     Kerala           India               309
Morse Code Loop                     PJC      Willemstad        Curacao            PH        Woodland H USA-CA          294
Reduced Power                         NBC     Pt Moresby       New Guinea      VL         Naples          USA-FL           300            Tashkent Relay                          RM       Havana             Cuba                AMP     Berrien  S      USA-MI           291 Test Broadcast                                 AWR     Ekala                Sri Lanka          CG       Nice              France            293
                                                IRDR    11 sites             Asia                  TA        Depok          Indonesia        311
Translation Transmitter               ICPA     Kabul                Afghanistan      AMP     Kabul            Afghanistan     289