* Theme - 00:00
“Birthday Serenade” - Willi Glahe
* Opening Announcement - 00:16
Welcome to “Wavescan”, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
1. Over the Years with PWI: USA & Europe
2. Book Review: International Shortwave Broadcast Guide
3. International DX News
4. Special QSL of the Week SQOTW28: Short Term Jamming Transmission
* Over the Years with PWI: USA & Europe - 01:02
In our continuing series of topics regarding the shortwave stations operated by PWI, Press Wireless International, we look at the wartime years over in islandic and continental Europe. During this era, the Press Wireless factory on Long Island, quite near to their shortwave transmitter station at Hicksville, manufactured many shortwave transmitters at various power levels, including their now famous 40 kW unit, as well as their low powered mobile units.
These PWI transmitters were shipped to England and subsequently to continental Europe by both navy and commercial vessels, usually with each consignment split and conveyed by different ships. In this way, if some ships were sunk by enemy submarine attacks, then only a partial consignment was lost, not a complete consignment of electronic equipment. It is known that at least one mobile station was lost in 1944 due to enemy action, and that station still lies to this day on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean.
Actually, Press Wireless began their European operations in 1932 with the opening of an office in Paris France, and the leased usage of transmitting and receiving facilities from the French PT&T authorities in nearby country areas. Their Paris operation collected the news flow from other countries in Europe and fed the information to the United States via the PWI receiver station at Little Neck on the north side of Long Island, New York.
As the onset of the European Conflict progressed, PWI moved its European operation in the summer of 1940, initially from Paris to Bordeaux on the Atlantic coast in the south west of France, and then to Tours, almost in the center of France, and finally to Vichy France, though that location was soon afterwards closed.
Towards the end of the War in Europe, PWI began to send shipments of radio equipment from the United States, beginning in the early part of the year 1944. The first of the 40 kW PWI SSB transmitters to arrive on the other side of the Atlantic was installed at Lingfield with the receiver station at Swanley Junction, both in Surrey in the south of England. The purpose for this station was to establish communication circuits with the United States.
Two more of these 40 kW transmitters were transported to England; and the teams of technical radio personnel associated with these units received their training on a similar unit located at PWI Hicksville. In 1944, the technical equipment and personnel were taken by ship to the British Isles.
One ship in use for this purpose was the ex-passenger liner, “Mauretania" which travelled across the Atlantic alone, without convoy. It was considered to be a fast ship that could outrun any other seafaring vessels that might be in pursuit. The equipment was landed in Scotland and taken south by road.
The radio personnel installed one of these PWI transmitters at an army camp located at Stowe-on-Wold in Gloucestershire, almost in the south of England. This transmitter was used for two purposes. One was to broadcast fake communication transmissions that would give the impression that the coming invasion of continental Europe under what became D-Day would take place in Calais, or perhaps even in Norway, instead of the intended Normandy; and the other purpose was for army communications back to the United States.
Following the installation of the transmitter in England, the PWI team landed in France and began work on the installation of the other unit at Les Essarts, an outer suburb of Paris. Originally, this 40 kW PWI transmitter was planned for installation at Renne in France. However, with the progress of events at the front line, a more advanced location, Les Essarts, was chosen.
The electronic equipment for this station was delivered in 1,000 crates & boxes, and it was re-assembled in 25 days by 45 personnel. This transmitter facility was installed in buildings commandeered for the purpose and the receiver station was located in an old farm house further down the same road.
Power came from three Cummings diesel generators, and rhombic antennas were beamed on the United States for communication with PWI Little Neck, New York. This new and rather substantial shortwave station was activated in September 1944. A photo at the entrance way to the station shows the callsign as CZ2T, though it identified on air simply as Radio Paris.
The main purpose for this PWI station in Paris was to relay news items and news commentaries from SHAEF Supreme Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces back to the United States for insertion into the broadcast programming of the Voice of America. On several occasions, international radio monitors in the United States, New Zealand and Australia noted PWI Hicksville & Paris in communication with each other for the transfer of radio news items.
For example, in March 1945, Radio Paris CZ2T was noted on 15920 kHz with a program relay to the United States; and in September this station was noted on 15293 kHz with program inserts for the NBC Blue Network. In the reverse direction, PWI Hicksville was noted calling SHAEF Paris on several occasions. The Hicksville channel callsigns at the time were WPJ on 11640 kHz & WJQ on 10010 kHz.
Apparently someone in the radio world had an insight into the workings of PWI Paris, because in September 1945, a column editor in Australia stated that the permanence of this station was doubtful.
However, the story does not end here. In addition to the single 40 kW PWI transmitter at Les Essarts, there was a multitude of other transmitters, maybe even 15 or more. One of these was a 10 kW shortwave broadcast transmitter that was installed in a subsidiary building at the Les Essarts station for the relay of radio programming from Radio Diffusion Francaise in Paris. The main coverage area from this unit was intended to be Europe & Africa.
As far as is known, this shortwave broadcast transmitter operated on only one channel, 9560 (9550) kHz. The programming was always a relay from Paris, and often in parallel with shortwave transmitters at other locations. This station was often heard in the United States, and sometimes in Australia & New Zealand. It was also listed in several early editions of the World Radio Handbook.
It appears that the power of the French shortwave station at Les Essarts was raised from 10 kW to 100 kW somewhere around the year 1947. It is possible then that the power level of the 40 kW transmitter was raised in the era after peace was resumed in Europe, and after the American personnel had returned to their homeland.
So there you have it. This PWI shortwave station located on the edge of suburban Paris was on the air with news for newspapers, and voice reports for radio & TV stations in the United States, as well as with program relays for re-broadcast by the Voice of America. In addition, this shortwave station also operated as a relay station for the international shortwave service of Radio Diffusion Francaise.
More about PWI in Europe on another coming occasion.
* Program Announcement - 08:54
* Publication Review: International Shortwave Broadcast Guide - 09:43
A most remarkable shortwave book at a most remarkable price is the Winter 2014 - 2015 edition of the comprehensive volume, International Shortwave Broadcast Guide by Gayle van Horn at Teak Publishing in Brasstown, North Carolina. This twice-annual volume, now the third in this series, contains almost 500 pages of valuable and interesting information about shortwave broadcasting.
Gayle van Horn asks the question: So why should you listen to shortwave radio? Quite simply, she answers, because shortwave radio is your window to the world. Throughout the world, shortwave remains the most readily available and affordable means of mass communication and information. It lets you listen to voices from around the world. Shortwave radio provides nearly instantaneous coverage of news and events from around the Earth.
You can easily listen to shortwave broadcast stations located in countries all around our globe, specially if you know when to listen! That’s where this new edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide is particularly useful.
The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition) is a unique information resource that provides a 24-hour station/frequency guide to all of the known stations currently broadcasting on shortwave radio at the time of publication. This tabulated information offers an hour-by-hour schedule that includes all language services, frequencies and world target areas for each broadcast station.
This new e-publication edition is an expanded version of the English shortwave broadcast guide formerly printed in the pages of Monitoring Times magazine for over 20 years. This one of a kind e-book is now published twice a year to correspond with station seasonal time and frequency changes.
It is a splendid radio adventure to peruse each page in the current edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide. For example, the first chapter provides us with interesting information, all about shortwave radio. These entries are followed by hints on accessing the international and tropical shortwave bands, together with suggestions regarding the usage and availability of suitable shortwave radio receivers.
The comprehensive and uniquely complete listening guide is set out hour by hour in UTC (international radio) timings, with the shortwave stations listed in alphabetic order of country. If you want to listen to the world, here is your opportunity; all of the nearly 400 pages of tabulated listings are sprinkled here and there with a reproduction in color of an exotic QSL card from a shortwave station somewhere on planet Earth.
Towards the end of the current edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide you will find a listing of all current DX programs on the air shortwave, including Wavescan with all of its many timings. The final section of this fascinating eBook tells us about the author Gayle van Horn and her
illustrious radio backgrounds, together with the availability of her many other radio books, each in electronic form.
The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition) is now available for purchase worldwide from Amazon.com at www. amazon. com. The price for this latest edition is just a little under US$5. Remarkable! And remember too, that frequency updates between editions are posted on her Shortwave Central blog at: http://mt-shortwave.blogspot.com/.
Now, if any of you, our listeners, do not have access to the internet, we would suggest that you contact a friend who is internet savvy, and ask him to download this volume, at such a low price, on your behalf.
We can confidently recommend to you the new and current International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Winter 2014-2015 edition). It will be of real value to you in your listening to the international and tropical shortwave broadcasting bands.
We might also add, that this valuable compendium stands just as high in the international radio world as the annual publication, World Radio TV Handbook, and as the four volume set on shortwave broadcasting and listening by Jerome Berg.
Is short-wave broadcasting dead? No, not so, and far from it. Just ask those who attend the twice yearly HFCC Planning meetings. And those who endeavor to locate an empty spot on the shortwave dial to insert a desired broadcast program. And those who plan and produce DX programs. And those who respond to listener reception reports and issue QSL cards.
Thank you Gayle van Horn, for your splendid service to the international shortwave world!
* Bangladesh DX News - 14:44
* Special QSL of the Week SQOTW28: Short Term Jamming Transmission - 18:01
Thomas Drescher in Rosrath, Germany, tells us that he also has received a QSL card from a jamming transmission. Back in the 1970s, there were several pirate radio stations operating aboard ships anchored in open waters in the North Sea with programming beamed to various countries in islandic and continental Europe. One of these ships was the Mebo 2 with on air programming under the identification RNI, Radio Nordsee International, beamed to England and Holland, though their programming at that stage was in English and German.
The 10 kW shortwave channel for RNI was 6210 kHz though for a few days this transmitter channel was adjusted slightly to 6215 kHz. The Maritime Radio Station, Radio Rogaland, located towards the southern tip of Norway, claimed that RNI was broadcasting on a Radio Rogaland channel and so they jammed the programming from the pirate radio ship.
The continuous loop tape message in English from Radio Rogaland stated:
This is a transmission from the Norwegian coast station Rogaland Radio operating in single side band mode, upper side band, with a carrier frequency of 6215.0 kHz. The purpose of this transmission is to clear the channel of unauthorized and out of band broadcasting, to improve reception conditions for ships wishing to communicate with coast stations on this frequency or on adjacent maritime channels.
Thomas Drescher sent a reception report regarding the jamming transmission to Radio Rogaland in Norway, and he received a QSL in response. The handwritten QSL text was inscribed on the back of a photograph depicting two radio officers on duty at the control panels of Radio Rogaland. The QSL text verified the reception of Radio Rogaland on July 8, 1970.
* Music of the World - 20:12
Norway: Folk Music from NRK, accordion
* Closing Announcement - 20:38
Thanks for listening to “Wavescan”, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
Researched and written in Indianapolis
1. Railway Radio in Australia - 1
2. Australian DX Report
3. SQOTW29 Special QSL of the Week: First Reception Report from India
Several QSL cards available. Send your AWR & KSDA reception reports for Wavescan to the AWR address in Indianapolis; and also to the station your radio is tuned to: WRMI or WWCR or KVOH, or to the AWR relay stations that carry Wavescan. Remember too, you can send a reception report to each of the DX reporters when their segment is on the air here in Wavescan: Japan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Australia & India. They will verify with their own colorful QSL card. Return postage and an address label are always appreciated.
Indiana 46229 USA
Wavescan @ AWR.org
Jeff White, shortwave WRMI
* Music Outrun - 22:19
Norway: Folk Music from NRK, continued
* Program Ends - 28:55
1. Press Wireless International: Radio Stations & Transmitters
Alphabetic Order of Country
No Country Location Topic Year to Year NWS X
01 Alaska Anchorage PWI 194x 76
02 Atlantic Sunken ship Over the Years with PWI 1944 312
03 Australia QL Hemmant MacArthur Radio 1943 - 1946 6 76
04 Canada Halifax APC Dartmouth temporary 1921 - 1923 305
05 Halifax APC St. Margaret’s Bay 1923 - 1932 305
06 England Stowe DecoyTransmissions 1944 312
07 Lingfield Communicate USA 1944 - 1945 312
08 Ethiopia Asmara PWI 1942 76
09 France Paris, Vichy Over the Years with PWI 1932 - 1947 312
10 Paris SHAEF CZ2T 1945 - 1946 6 76 312
11 Germany Frankfurt PWI 194x 76
12 Hawaii Honolulu PWI Station KDG 1930 - 1941 307
13 Ewa Projected PWI Station 1944 - 1945 307
14 Italy Naples PWI 1944 76
15 Philippines Manila PWI (Globe-Mackay) 1933 - 1941 305
16 Tacloban Station PZ 1944 - 1945 305
17 Manila Station PY 1944 - 1946 307
18 Uruguay Montevideo Press Wireless 19xx 67
19 USA MA Needham WJK, PWI 1st station 1930 - 1932 305
20 MA West Newton Factory 193x - 1952 305
21 LI NY Hicksville Temporary VOA Relay Station 1935 - 1957 67
22 LI NY Hicksville Factory 194x - 1952 305 307
23 LI NY Hicksville HP Transmitter School WW2 307
2. Press Wireless International:
Press Wireless International
Year Date Information Reference
Press Wireless Backgrounds
1929 PWI formed, dissatisfaction with WW1 news flow Time 26-8-46
1930s Serving 62 countries
WW2 Established new factory Long Island City
WW2 Sent several mobile stations to Europe
1945 Nov 7 PWI Los Angeles sold into escrow for Don Wallace W6AM
1946 Aug Strike against Press Wireless, diminishing services & income
1947 Aug 15 PWI filed for bankruptcy
1965 PWI acquired by ITT
19xx At peak, PWI operated 100 transmitters at own locations
New York, San Francisco, Manila, Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo
PWI Hicksville, Long Island, New York
1935 May Testing as W2XGB on 4797 kHz 500 w ISWC 5-35 33
1942 Jan WCW began test broadcasts IDXA-SPS 1-42 1
1942 Apr 20 PWI-WCW Hicksville began VOA relay 2 hrs morning 2 hrs afternoon VOA 97.001 15-5
WW2 One 40 kW transmitter at Hicksville during WW2 REK
1944 Feb NY stations use different call to denote service in which they are engaged R&H 2-44 35
1944 Dec 31 Appears to be date for end of VOA relays R&H entries
1957 PWI Hicksville closed GF
19xx Became a housing estate Radiomarine
PWI Receiver Station, Little Neck, LI NY
1930 1st Press Wireless receiver station, north side LI NR 21-7-60 21
1940s QSL card shows receiver positions QSL card
PWI Receiver Station, Baldwin, LI NY
1950s PWI receiving station located at Baldwin, south side Long Island Antiqueradios
1959 PWI Baldwin closed GF
1960 PWI Baldwin receiver soon to close NR 21-7-60 21
1944 Early 40 kW PWI transmitter set up at army camp in South England REK Email
Installed at Stowe on the Wold Gloucestershire
Left for use by 3103rd Signal Service Battalion, decoy transmissions
Also used for army communications to USA
1944 May PWI team arrived England month before D-Day
40 kW SSB PWI transmitter installed at Lingfield, Surrey
Receiver station at Swanley Junction, Surrey
Communication back to USA
15 kW PWI transmitter & 400 watt Morse
1944 Jun 6 D-Day
PWI CZ2T Les Essarts, near Paris, France
Ship carried 40 kW PWI transmitter to Scotland
90,000 transmitters in use for Allied invasion of Europe
Originally scheduled for installation at Renne
Delivered in 1,000 crates & boxes, re-assembled in 25 days by 45 personnel
1944 Aug Work began
PWI 40 kW transmitter set up in farm house location, Les Essarts, near Paris France
Power from 3 Cummings diesel generators
Rhombic antennas beamed on USA
Connected to SHAEF Paris by telephone line
Receiver station, down the road on farm property
Many other transmitters also
Detachment of navy personnel with own equipment
Several units, 10 kW & less, communicate with front lines, 15 or more transmitters
Separate building, French Paris Radio Diffusion Francaise, 10 kW
1944 Sep PWI 40 kW transmitter activated
Communicated with PWI Hicksville
1944 Oct PWI recently increased power, now 1 million words daily Time 1994 Nov 6
1945 May 8 VE Day
1945 Additional personnel came in assist operate SHAEF AM transmitter
3. SQOTW28: Special QSL of the Week
No Call Location Land IRM kHz (k)W Year Date Significance QSL NWS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
001 7LA Launceston Tasmania AMP 1100 .1 1961 Nov 6 Emergency transmitter C 282
002 RA Kabul Afghanistan AMP 96.1 .01 1971 Jul 4 Experimental FM C 284
003 VOA Poro Philippines AMP 15000 LP 1984 Feb 19 Malfunctioning exciter L 286
004 TTY Perth Australia AMP 1130 .2 1966 Jun 24 6NM transmitter to 6ED DIYC 287
005 ICPA Kabul Afghanistan AMP 102.8 ½ 1972 Aug 27 Hotel Intercontinental DIYC 289
006 KSFO Frisco California AMP 560 5 1989 Oct 18 Temporary after earthquake C 290
007 RM Havana Cuba AMP 9600 100 1982 Feb 3 Relay Radio Tashkent C 291 008 NILB Central Pacific PH 10800 LP 1968 Dec 23 Apollo Recovery, 1,000 SW L 292
009 AWR Ekala Sri Lanka CG 11800 100 1981 Feb 21 Test broadcasts Africa & ME C 293
010 PJC Willemstad Curacao PH 8694 1 1969 Jan 9 Morse loop C 294
011 AFRTS Adana Turkey AMP 1590 .01 1980 Mar 24 Plane, WL in ft DIYC 295
012 AWR Sines Portugal TD 9670 250 1977 Aug 26 Self-designed AWR card C 296
013 VoM Honhor Mongolia CL 12085 250 2012 Sep 14 Lived in Ulaan Baatar L&C 297
014 CRI Beijing China UQ 21660 2005 Sep 19 Firedrake jammer C 298
015 RM Russia AMP 11875 1984 May 2 Russian jammer, BBC ARS? C 299
016 NBC Pt Moresby New Guinea VL 4890 35 2006 Mar 18 Reduced power C 300
017 RM Murmansk Russia JB 5930 5 1979 Jan 13 Long wait DIYC & L 301 018 RM P’zavodsk Russia JB 5065 5 1979 Jan 21 Long wait DIYC & L 302
019 VLU2 Christmas Is Indian O. AMP 1420 .5 1977 Aug 23 Tried many locations DIYC & L 303 020 XMX Christmas Is Indian O. AMP 341 .1 1977 Aug 28 Airplane reception DIYC 304 021 AIR Pt Blair Andamans JJ 1440 1 1992 Nov 12 Emergency transmission L 305 022 ABC Shepparton Australia TA 6080 100 2011 Feb 4 Emergency transmission C 306 023 ORTB Benin CO SW 1985 Sep 20 Hard to hear, difficult to QSL C 307 024 WQTC Bryan USA-OH AMP 1520 .5 1986 Jul 17 Two words, Bryan Radio DIYC 308
025 AIR Bangalore India MKP 9690 500 2014 Feb 28 Memory of 1st radio broadcast C 309 026 CHU Ottawa Canada BW 3330 3 2010 Sep 16 Low power TSW C&L 310
027 SW 11 Sites Asia TA 2 SW 2014 Jun 5 IRDR Trial Broadcasts C 311
028 TMR Rogaland Norway TD 6210 1970 Jul 8 Jamming against RNI P 312
029 NBC Pt Moresby New Guinea JJ 3925 10 1976 Oct 25 1st report from India C 313 030 VOA Hawaii AMP
4. SQOTW28: Special QSL of the Week
Title Call City Country IRM City Country NWS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Airplane Monitoring AFRS Adana Turkey AMP Airplane Turkey 295
XMX Christmas Is Indian Ocean AMP Airplane Indian Ocean 304
Apollo Recovery NILB USS Arlington Pacific PH Woodland H USA-CA 292
Demonstration Transmitter TTY Perth W Australia AMP Perth Australia 287
Difficult to hear ORTB Benin CO Norrkoping Sweden 307 Earthquake Emergency KSFO San Francisco USA AMP Eugene USA-OR 290
Emergency Transmitter 7LA Launceston Tasmania AMP Launceston Tasmania 282
AIR Port Blair Andaman Is JJ Hyderabad India 305
ABC Shepparton Australia TA Depok Indonesia 306 Experimental FM RA Kabul Afghanistan AMP Kabul Afghanistan 284
First Report: India NBC Port Moresby New Guinea JJ India 313 Jammer: Firedrake CRI Beijing China UQ-S Norrkoping Sweden 298
Rogaland TMR Rogaland Norway TD Rosrath Germany 312
Russian RM Russia AMP Poona India 299
Listener Designed QSL Card AWR Sines Portugal TD Rosrath Germany 296
Long Wait: 11 Years XMX Christmas Is Indian Ocean AMP Airplane Indian Ocean 304
23 Years RM Murmansk Russia JB Lexington USA-MA 301
23 years RM Petrozavodsk Russia JB Lexington USA-MA 302
Low Power CHU Ottawa Canada BW Karoonda S Australia 310
Malfunctioning Exciter VOA Poro Philippines AMP Lahore Pakistan 286
Many Locations VLU2 Christmas Is Indian Ocean AMP Carnarvon Australia 303
Memories: Letter from Home VOM Honhor Mongolia CL Bloomington USA-IN 297
1st Radio Broadcast AIR Bangalore India MKP Kerala India 309
Morse Code Loop PJC Willemstad Curacao PH Woodland H USA-CA 294
Reduced Power NBC Pt Moresby New Guinea VL Naples USA-FL 300 Tashkent Relay RM Havana Cuba AMP Berrien S USA-MI 291 Test Broadcast AWR Ekala Sri Lanka CG Nice France 293
IRDR 11 sites Asia TA Depok Indonesia 311
Translation Transmitter ICPA Kabul Afghanistan AMP Kabul Afghanistan 289